Monica Crowley, President-elect Donald Trump’s pick for senior director of strategic communications for the National Security Council, hasn’t done a great job protecting her own dirty work. According to Politico, the former Fox News analyst is a prolific plagiarizer.
While a candidate for an international relations Ph.D. at Columbia University in 2000, Crowley plagiarized multiple sections of her dissertation titled “Clearer Than Truth: Determining and Preserving Grand Strategy: The Evolution of American Policy Toward the People’s Republic of China Under Truman and Nixon.” Her thesis is kept on microfilm at the University of Michigan and accessible through the academic database ProQuest.
“More than a dozen sections of text that have been lifted, with little to no changes, from other scholarly works without proper attribution,” Politico reported. In other instances, Crowley identified sources but didn’t note that she was directly copying text; in other instances she didn’t attribute at all.
Crowley’s failure to quote an author’s exact words and failure to paraphrase could violate Columbia’s definition of unintentional plagiarism. Her writing also violates types I and II of Columbia’s definition of intentional plagiarism, which are, respectively, “direct copy and paste” and “small modification by word switch,” “without quotation or reference to the source,” Politico noted.